Soils are alive! A variety of soil organisms live in the soil. These organisms live on soil organic matter or other soil organisms and perform a number of vital processes in soil.
Soil chemistry is concerned with the availability of elements for plant uptake as well as chemical compounds that might be present at levels that are detrimental to plants and soil organisms.
Physical properties and processes of soil affect soil fertility by altering water movement through soil, root penetration of soil and waterlogging.